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Social responsibility and corporate sustainability report 2015
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Environmental Responsibility

Environmental Impact Management System

While implementing its environmental policy, the Company focuses on the environmental aspects of its activities, strives to mitigate negative environmental impacts, ensure rational use of natural resources.

The main goal of the Environmental Policy of Federal Grid Company is to minimise negative environmental impacts of electricity transmission and distribution.G4-DMA

Further details about the basic principles and tasks of the Federal Grid’s environmental policy are available in the 2014 CSR Report, page 113.

Implementation of the Environmental PolicyG4-EU12

Federal Grid Company focuses on various areas in the implementation of its Environmental Policy.

2015 Results

In the reporting year, the Company received a certificate of compliance with the requirements of the international standard ISO 14001:2004 for its environmental management system. It is a voluntary initiative of the Company.G4-15

In the reporting year, the Federal Grid’s main results in the area of environmental protection, ensuring environmental security and rational utilisation of natural resources were presented within the 11th All-Russia competition “Leader of Environmental Activity in Russia – 2015”.

Based on the results of the competition and in order to demonstrate public recognition for proactive activities in environmental protection and rational use of natural resources that contribute to sustainable development of the national economy, boosting of people’s health and improvement of environmental safety in the country, as the Orginising Committee of the International Forum “World Experience and the Russian Economy” declared Federal Grid Company the winner of the 2015 Russian national competition “Leader of Environmental Activities in Russia.”

Environmental measures on bird protection are implemented, including those designed for Oriental white stork conservation.

Environmental friendliness is an integral part of the responsible company’s policy. The Company is guided by the precautionary principle and aims to avoid any presumptive environmental damage even in those areas where no scientific evidence of any environmental abuse is available. Decisions that involve elimination or mitigation of negative environmental impact are adopted at the stage of designing electric grid facilities and are approved in the course of public hearings and in dialogues with stakeholders. G4-14 G4-37

To show that it cares about the future of the planet, Federal Grid Company has been, for several years now, actively involved in a worldwide movement “Earth Hour”, organised by the World Wide Fund for Nature. The annual event is aimed at attracting public attention to environmental problems, climate change, environmental abuse, forest clearance, reduction in animal numbers.

Within the “Earth Hour” held on 28 March 2015, electricity was turned off at about 745 facilities of Federal Grid, the energy saving was 12.34 MWh. The Company is reducing its negative environmental impacts through application of advanced engineering solutions.

For example, in the reporting year, higher-suspension supports were installed for 220 kV Kaluga-Sputnik OHL (MES Centre). The environmental effect included the reduction in volumes of forest clearing and costs for right-of-way clearing.

Because of the fully shop-assembled equipment, supports were installed without the use of heavy special vehicles and within a short time that also reduced environmental impact.

Protection of Oriental White Storks

In 2015, in cooperation with the WWF Russia, a joint pilot project «Monitoring the effectiveness of measures implemented by the MES East branch to prevent death of Oriental white storks on power transmission lines» was launched. According to the results of the above monitoring, the effectiveness was noted of the efforts of the MES East branch aimed at protecting Oriental white storks, and the necessity to implement the following measures with the involvement of the Russian Birds Conservation Union was determined:

  • to assess the effectiveness of bird protection measures to prevent outages of transmission lines caused by birds;
  • to erect nesting platforms taking into account the bird population growth;
  • to equip power transmission lines with bird protection devices
  • taking into account the recommendations of specialists on their types and installation methods. Measures that are implemented annually by Federal Grid Company to prevent bird death and bird-caused outages at electric grids include the following:
  • erecting nesting platforms and equipping transmission lines with bird protection devices of various types and designs in mass nesting places;
  • installation of electronic bird repellent devices in the territories of substations;
  • OHL inspections at the beginning of bird nesting with fixation of their habitats.

In 2015, 500, 220, 110 kV OHLs at the Federal Grid branches – MES East, MES Siberia, MES South, MES Centre and MES North-West were equipped with 10,739 bird protection and bird repellent devices designed to prevent and eliminate cases of bird destruction by electric shock and to reduce bird-caused outages at electric grid facilities. Costs amounted to RUB13.26 million.

The result: Over the past three years, only isolated cases were recorded of bird death on the Company transmission lines.G4-EU13

In 2015 we installed

10,739
bird protection and bird repellent devices

In the framework of the R&D contract for fire protection of transformers with the use of water mist technology, an innovative fire extinguishing system for oil transformers was created for the first time. An environmental benefit includes a significant reduction (by 8–10 times) in water consumption and prevention of a possible spill of transformer oil at the substation territory.

For details about the fire extinguishing system for oil transformers, see section 5.2 “Innovative development” of the Report.

In order to meet the requirements of Article 15 of the Federal Law No. 89-FZ dated 24 June 2998 “On Production and Consumption Waste”, 255 employees of MES branches of Federal Grid Company were trained in 2015 on environmental safety, including employees authorised to work with waste of I – IV hazard classes who were trained under the Programme for professional training of persons to be authorised to work with hazard waste. The costs amounted to RUB608 thousand.

Projects Implemented in 2015 in the Field of Ecology and Environmental Protection

Projects implemented by Federal Grid Company in the year in the field of environmental protection, ensuring environmental safety and rational use of natural resources:

Federal Grid’s Environmental Policy Implementation ProgrammeG4-DMA

To achieve objectives set by the Environmental Policy, a Programme for Implementation of the Environmental Policy for 2015–2019 was drafted in accordance with the decision of the Board of Directors and approved by the Order of Federal Grid Company No. 150 dated 31 March 2015.

The Programme’s key areas of focus are:

—ensuring environmental safety in accordance with the requirements of the RF environmental legislation;

—improving normative and technical regulation of the environmental activity;

—improving the environmental management system of Federal Grid Company;

—building up the Federal Grid’s image as an environmentally responsible and environmentallyfriendly company;

—innovative development in the area of ensuring environmental safety and rational utilisation of natural resources.

To reduce environmental impacts gradually and taking into account the Company’s technical and financial capabilities, our Environmental Policy Implementation Programme sets out targets that specify the commitments of the environmental policy.

Programme Implementation Principles

Recognition of the constitutional right to a healthy environment Scientific validity of the Federal Grid's Environmental Policy and promotion of research in the area of environmental impact of facilities International cooperation in the area of environmentally friendly and energy-saving technologies and equipment
Responsibility for environmental protection when making management and investment decisions on the development of Federal Grid facilities in the RF regions Giving preference to the best available technologies in order to minimise potential environmental damage caused by the Federal Grid's operations Openness and availability of environmental information, ensuring that all stakeholders are informed on accidents happened, their environmental impacts and measures to eliminate them.
Energy saving and rational utilisation of natural and energy resources in the Company's operations Priority of preventive measures over measures to eliminate negative environmental impacts  

Programme performance targets

Key environmental protection areas Target
Ensuring environmental safety in compliance with the requirements set in the Russian laws on environmental protection Compliance with the requirements set in the Russian laws on environmental protection and minimisation of environmental impacts
Improving guidelines for, and technical regulation of, environmental protection Contribution to the refinement of guidelines and technical regulation
Improving the environmental protection management system Effective operation of the environmental management system
Building Federal Grid Company’s reputation as an environmentally oriented and socially responsible company An environmental component in Federal Grid Company’s image
Innovative development in the area of environmental safety and rational use of natural resources Reduction of environmental impact through implementing innovative solutions

Improving environmental control and reporting

Number of facilities audited in Federal Grid branches – MES, PMES in 2014–2015

Improving environmental control and reporting

Rules for Internal Environmental Audit (IEA) in MES and PMES branches were approved in 2015 in order to optimise the procedures of environmental control and reporting.

The Rules establish a uniform approach to an internal audit of the environmental management system and industrial environmental control at the production facilities. Compliance with the Rules enables to improve audit quality thus reducing risks of imposing penal sanctions on Federal Grid by the environmental authorities and revealing nonconformities by independent certification authorities.

In 2015, audits were performed in Federal Grid branches that determined the degree of their compliance with environmental legislation and environmental safety at facilities.

Among 935 facilities operated by Federal Grid branches – MES and PMES, including office buildings of MES and PMES, 372 facilities were audited in 2015, or 39.8% of the total number of operation facilities. In 2014, the share of audited operation facilities was 35%.

It should be noted, that the number of audited facilities increased in 2015 primarily due to the requirement of the IEA Rules to include a certain number of facilities to annual schedules.

Drafting corporate standards of Federal Grid Company for environmental safety at all life cycle stages of electric grid facilities

In 2015, within the agreements for drafting standards and specifications for ensuring environmental safety at all life cycle stages of electric grid facilities of Federal Grid Company, the following assignments were completed: concepts and structures were approved for the draft standards “Environmental safety of electric grid facilities. Requirements for maintenance and repair” and “Environmental safety of electric grid facilities. Requirements for design, construction, reconstruction and liquidation” (drafts of industry standards). The first drafts were sent for appraisal not only to PJSC Rosseti and its subsidiaries, structural units of the Federal Grid Executive Office, JSC CIUS UES, MES and PMEs branches and Technical Supervision Centre, but also to the major domestic research institutions, design institutions and public environmental organisations. Organisations of the electric grid complex demonstrated their high interest when reviewing the drafts of industry standards and were active in making comments and suggestions to the revised drafts. Following the results, summaries of comments and suggestions were made and updated versions of the draft standards were prepared.

The final versions of the draft standards “Environmental safety of electric grid facilities. Requirements for maintenance and repair” and “Environmental safety of electric grid facilities. Requirements for design, construction, reconstruction and liquidation” have been approved and put into effect by the Federal Grid’s Order No. 110 dated 30 March 2016 .

Environmental Management System

Objectives, tasks and principles of Environmental Management System

The Environmental Management System (EMS) is part of the overall management system aimed at shaping and implementing an environmental policy and managing environmental aspects of the Company’s activities.

The main objective of the implementation and operation of the environmental management system is to apply new management methods that enable us to strengthen our influence on environmental aspects of our industrial and business operations.

To ensure a high quality of the environmental management in compliance with international standards and requirements of national legislation, Federal Grid Company has committed to practice voluntary mechanisms for environmental responsibility based on the international standards ISO 14001:2004.

Today, the availability of the EMS that operates successfully and has been certified for compliance with ISO 14001:2004 is a key indicator of a civilised and efficient work in the field of environmental protection that contributes to the growth of competitiveness, increase in the market value of shares, creation of positive image in stakeholder relations.

For further details about laws and regulations the Company is governed by in the field of environment, see the 2014 CSR Report, page 112..

EMS Results in 2015

The EMS implementation in all Federal Grid branches has allowed to set uniform requirements for availability and maintenance of documentation in the field of environmental protection, to ensure a comprehensive control at all levels of environmental management.

A system of internal environmental audits has been developed and now is being implemented, allowing us to combine audits of facilities for compliance with the requirements of the Russian environmental legislation (industrial environmental control) with audits for compliance with the requirements of ISO 14001:2004 and internal requirements of Federal Grid Company in terms of environmental protection.

Measures were taken to strengthen controls over contractors in respect of their compliance with the requirements of the Russian environmental legislation and liability for non-compliance when operating at the Federal Grid facilities: appropriate amendments are made to standard contractor agreements, agreements for emergency response and recovery, maintenance and repair.

Each MES and PMES branch has a working group for EMS that includes employees whose activity is connected with environmental aspects. It helps to identify and assess environmental aspects and to implement measures to manage them.

Amendments have been made to standard regulations and job description of MES and PMES employees with respect to their obligations to know provisions of the Company’s Environmental policy, environmental aspects of industrial and business operations of Federal Grid Company, requirements related to the implementation of the environmental management system of Federal Grid. The Company’s Environmental policy has been included in the list of documents to be read and acknowledged by newly hired employees, to workplace training programmes for MES and PMES employees and contractors.

One of the EMS results is an improved understanding of the role and responsibility for environmental protection in the Company’s industrial and business operations among all employees, both leadership of MES and PMES branches and specialists.

The implemented systemic approach in arranging environmental activities is focused on continuous improvement, which is confirmed annually by independent auditors of certification authorities.

Number of employees trained in 2015 within the EMS implementation, persons

MES branch Total, under two courses
MES Centre 17
MES North-West* 83
MES Volga 24
MES South 8
MES Ural 129
MES Western Siberia 84
MES Siberia 123
MES East** -
TOTAL 468  

Number of employees trained in 2015 within the EMS implementation, persons

Plans to improve EMS in 2016

The International Organisation for Standartisation (ISO) developed and published in 2015 a new version of the international standard ISO 14001:2015 that changes the approach to environmental management system and sets new requirements, including those relating to environmental risk identification and management.

Companies with an implemented EMS are provided with a three-year period for transition to the new version ISO 14001:2015. Thus, the Federal Grid’s plans for 2015–2019 include measures for updating the EMS and implementing new procedures required by ISO 14001:2015.

Environmental Performance

Collection, Storage and Utilisation of Production and Consumption Waste

In the course of operations at electric grid facilities of the Company’s branches, 80 types of production and consumption waste of hazard classes’ I-V1 are generated. All types of waste generated are transferred, under the existing agreements, to the specialised institutions for further recycling, utilisation and final disposal on landfills.

2015 Results

Waste generation in 2011–2015, thousand tonnes

Waste generation and waste treatment 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total, of which: 12.9 13.29 15.7 14.25 13.63
I hazard class 0.001 0.05 0.01 0.09 0.15
II hazard class 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.04
III hazard class 0.37 0.56 0.41 0.72 0.77
IV hazard class 4.14 5.07 6.7 6.25 6.18
V hazard class 8.34 7.59 8.57 7.18 6.49
Transferred to specialised institutions for treatment or reuse 4.08 4.44 6.38 5.92 6.48
Transferred to specialised institutions for landfill disposal 8.79 8.71 8.57 8.16 7.21

1 I hazard class – waste mercury containing and fluorescent lamps;
II hazard class – waste lead-acid batteries and battery sulfuric acid;
III hazard class – used motor filters, transformer, transmission and engine oils, paint-and-varnish waste;
IV hazard class – repairs and construction waste, sweepings from industrial facility territories, absorbent materials contaminated by oil, waste office equipment, worn special clothing, waste tiers;
V hazard class – used porcelain insulators and tiers, ferrous steel scrap, waste concrete products, waste insulated wires and cables, wood waste, green waste, polyethylene waste, paper and cardboard waste.

Total amount of waste in 2015 by hazard class, %

Over the period 2013–2015, an annual decrease in waste generation volumes, connected, primarily, with the reduction of works on reconstruction and technical re-equipment of electric grid facilities.

There is an annual reduction in waste disposed of in landfills in Federal Grid branches, which indicates a reduction in adverse environmental impact.

The main contribution to the decrease in waste disposed of in landfills was made in 2015 by MES North-West, MES Ural, MES Centre and MES Western Siberia.

2015 New Developments in Utilisation of Equipment Containing Trichlorobiphenyl (TCB)

To meet the requirements of the Stockholm Convention that prescribes to eliminate the use of equipment containing polychlorinated biphenyl, Federal Grid Company continues its work on decommissioning and disposal of such equipment.

In 2015, Federal Grid has started to develop Regulations for handling TCB-containing equipment (hereinafter – the Regulations).

The Regulations set:

  • uniform requirements at all stages of handling TCBcontaining equipment, such as technical evaluation, decommissioning, replacement, accumulation, transfer for processing/disposal;
  • health, safety and environmental requirements for works with TCB-containing equipment;
  • principles of interaction between structural units of the Executive Office of Federal Grid Company and its MES/PMES branches when handling TCB-containing equipment;
  • information exchange rules when handling TCPcontaining equipment.

The Regulations for handling TCB-containing equipment was approved by the Oder of Federal Grid Company No. 76 dated 11 March 2016. Requirements of the Regulations are to be met by employees of structural units of the Federal Grid Executive Office, MES and PMES branches and Technical Supervision Centre when handling TCB-containing equipment.

Operating processes related to electricity receipt, transmission and distribution at the Company’s facilities do not include both the use of raw materials, semi-manufactures products (materials), G4-EN1 as well as recycled waste and waste reuse. G4-EN2

Protection and Rational Utilisation of Water Resources

Water consumption at the industrial facilities of Federal Grid branches is based on water withdrawal from surface and underground water sources, centralised water supply and other sources (e.g., bottled water).

The water is subsequently used to meet the technical, drinking, fire, and technological needs.

Volume and sources of water withdrawal, thousand m3

Water consumption 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total, including: 1,317.4 1,282.7 1,160.1 1,039.9
from surface sources 78.6 73.6 68.7 74.3
from underground sources 687.1 657.8 643.2 529.2
form centralised water supply systems 551.7 532.7 430.6 423.2
from other sources - 18.6 17.7 13.2

Total water withdrawal by source in 2015, %

An annual decline in water consumption is primarily due to a reduced use of water resources for industrial and domestic needs, reduction of losses in water supply systems, installation of metering devices, as well as employee awareness raising activities.

A considerable contribution to the decrease in water consumption was made by Federal Grid branches – MES Centre, MES Siberia and MES Volga.

Water withdrawal at the Company’s facilities has no significant impact on the water sources used. A continuous monitoring of quality and availability of water withdrawn from surface and underground water bodies for their assessment is performed at Federal Grid industirial facilities. G4-EN9

The use of recycled water is in place at a number of substations of the branches of Federal Grid – MES East, MES Ural, and MES North-West. The total volume of reused water in 2015 amounted to 29.2 million m3, which is more than 28 times the total volume of the water used for technical, drinking, and industrial needs in Federal Grid as a whole. G4-EN10

Wastewater discharge into the surface water bodies by branch, thousand m3

MES 2013 2014 2015
Centre 416.2 465.4 396.6
North-West 158.6 105.6 89.3
Volga 116.9 33.1 33.4
South 206.6 194.0 189.4
Ural 41.5 47.7 42.1
Western Siberia 113.2 95.5 82.3
Siberia 205.4 191.4 181.8
East 24.3 27.5 25.0
Total 1,282.7 1,160.2 1,039.9

Wastewater discharge onto local terrain by branch, thousand m3

MES 2013 2014 2015
Centre - - -
North-West 72.2 74.0 90.9
Volga 3.9 - -
South - - -
Ural - - 6.742
Western Siberia - - -
Siberia - 74,0 -
East 11.8 11.8 11.7
Total 88.0 85,8 109,4

Wastewater discharge into sewerage system by branch, thousand m3

MES 2013 2014 2015
Centre 223.4 203.3 200.3
North-West 129.3 83.2 64.0
Volga 91.2 15.5 16.9
South 30.9 28.5 27.3
Ural 17.4 15.3 11.6
Western Siberia 103.3 88.3 75.9
Siberia 65.6 80.3 81.1
East 19.4 21.1 20.0
Total 680.5 535.6 497.1

Air Protection

In the course of production operations of Federal Grid Company, air pollutant emissions occur from stationary sources (wood/metal-working machines, parking places, diesel driven generators, oil-filled equipment, welding stations, etc.).

Transportation of employees and materials is carried for short distances and does not have any significant environmental impact.

Gross air pollutant emissions in 2011–2015, tonnes

  2011   2012   2013   2014   2015
Total, including: 90.3 114.7 162.7 184.0 221.1
solid 26.7 5.7 7.1 5.9 8.6
gaseous and liquid, of which 63.6 109.0 155.6 178.1 212.5
sulfur dioxide 2.7 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.6
carbon oxide 24.8 27.4 39.0 42.8 51.2
nitrogen oxides (equivalent to NO2 ) 5.2 3.1 4.8 6.0 7.7
hydrocarbons (without volatile organic compounds) 7.5 53.2 77.0 49.6 46.3
volatile organic compounds 23.4 18.5 21.1 68.4 94.4
other - 6.05 12.7 9.6 11.3

Emissions of air pollutants in 2015, %

According to data submitted by MES and PMES branches, 612 facilities had stationary sources of emissions as of 01 June 2015.

The main sources of emissions are wood/metal-working machines, parking places, diesel driven generators, oil-filled equipment, welding stations. The calculation of emissions from such sources is made based on the amount of consume materials/raw materials (fuel, abrasive disks, welding electrodes) and the time of work performed/operation of equipment.

According to 2015 data, gross air pollutant emissions in Federal Grid Company amounted to 221.1 tonnes, i.e. air pollutant emissions from one facility is 0.361 tonnes in average. Taking into account, for Federal Grid Company, firstthat the major part of pollutants are of 3 and 4 hazard classes, one may speak about the insignificance of these emissions. Based on the above, it is not relevant for Federal Grid Company to make a detailed breakdown of air emissions by sources to record maximum emissions and there is no need in developing measures to reduce them.

Year 2017 Is a Year of Specially Protected Natural Areas in Russia

In accordance with Decree No. 392 issued by the President of the Russian Federation, dated 1 August 2015, year 2017 is declared as the Year of Specially Protected Natural Areas in the Russian Federation in order to celebrate the centenary of the Barguzin Nature Reserve.

In 2016, Federal Grid Company will review its participation in special events included in the Action Plan dedicated to the Year of Specially Protected Natural Areas in the Russian Federation in 2017. The Action Plan was approved by Resolution No. 2720-r of the Government of the Russian Federation, dated 26 December 2015.

In 2015, gross air pollutant emissions increased due to an increase in practically all types of air pollutants to be recorded in Federal Grid branches, excluding hydrocarbons (without volatile organic compounds) that have reduced in 2015 due to optimisation of the motor vehicle use . G4-DMA

The total volume of air pollutant emissions has increased annually owing to the extended inventory of new sources of emissions In 2015, 113 new draft standards for maximum permissible emissions were developed in Federal Grid branches.

Air pollutant emissions by branch, tonnes

MES 2013 2014 2015
Centre - - -
North-West 72.2 74.0 90.9
Volga 3.9 - -
South - - -
Ural - - 6.742
Western Siberia - - -
Siberia - 74,0 -
East 11.8 11.8 11.7
Total 88.0 85,8 109,4

Effluents and waste

Wastewater (industrial, storm water, and technical) from the Company’s facilities is discharged through the public sewerage system, into the surface water bodies and onto the terrain.

Wastewater discharges into the environment and into the sewerage system in 2012–2015, thousands m3

2012   2013   2014   2015
Total 1,844.3 1,262.0 1,094.2 991.9

Wastewater discharges into the environment in 2012–2015, thousand m3

2012   2013   2014   2015  
Total, of which: 1157,0 581,6 558,6 494,8
Wastewater discharged into surface water bodies, of which: 88,3 88,0 85,8 109,4
without treatment 0 0 0 0
insufficiently treated 76,2 57,3 65,5 82,5
treated as required 12,1 30,7 20,3 26,9
Wastewater discharged onto landscaping, of which: 1068,6 493,6 472,8 385,4
without treatment 854,3 292,4 246,6 186,8
insufficiently treated 56,8 0 0 0
treated as required 157,5 201,2 226,2 198,6

Wastewater discharges into the environment in 2012–2015, thousand m3

2012 2013   2014   2015  
Wastewater discharges into the sewerage system 687.3 680.5 535.6 497.1

Wastewater discharge in 2015 by destination, %

Wastewater is discharged into water bodies (streams) from only 6 substations out of 935 industrial facilities operated by Federal Grid branches – MES and PMES, including MES and PMES office buildings. Prior to discharge into a water body, wastewater is treated at the stationary treatment plants. According to the program on regular observations, Federal Grid branches conduct quarterly monitoring of water bodies and their water protection zones. Reporting information on the results of observations is sent to the territorial basin water management boards. No significant impact of wastewater discharges from the areas of 6 substations on biodiversity of water bodies (streams) and their related habitats have been identified. G4-EN26

Volume reduction of wastewater discharge in 2015 was due to a reduction in water consumption.

Waste generation by branch, tonnes

MES 2013 2014 2015
Centre 1,709.1 1,612.7 1,475.9
North-West 4,371.6 3,009.0 3,049.0
Volga 778.4 1,090.1 1,356.9
South 1,284.1 1,289.1 1,262.9
Ural 1,210.5 1,141.4 859.4
Western Siberia 1,680.6 1,538.8 1,576.8
Siberia 2,293.9 2,119.5 1,808.2
East 2,372.3 2,451.1 2,236.3
Total 15.700,4 14,251.6 13,625.5

Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions G4-EN19

In 2015, a Programme for Energy Saving and Improving Energy Efficiency for 2015–2019 was developed and approved in Federal Grid Company.

For further details about the Programme for Energy Saving and Improving Energy Efficiency for 2015–2019, see section Energy Efficiency and Energy Management of the Report.

In 2015, in-process electricity consumption in UNEG amounted 23,478.1 million kWh, which is equivalent to air emissions of 11.997 million tonnes of СО21

In 2015, the benefit of the Programme for Energy Saving and Improving Energy Efficiency with respect to the reduction of losses was 49.4 million kWh, which is equivalent to the reduction in СО2 emissions by 25.2 thousand tonnes.

Air pollutant emissions at Federal Grid’ facilities do not contain ozone-depleting substances. G4-EN20 In 2015, no significant oil spills at Federal Grid’s enterprises were recorded. G4-EN24

Air pollutant emissions at Federal Grid’ facilities do not contain ozone-depleting substances. G4-EN20

In 2015, no significant oil spills at Federal Grid’s enterprises were recorded. G4-EN24

Payments for adverse environmental impact

The overall environmental costs include capital and current costs, as well as payments for adverse environmental impact.

By the end of 2015, there has been a significant reduction of negative environmental impact against 2014 results: G4-EN27

  • a 10.4% reduction in water consumption;
  • a 9.3% reduction in wastewater discharge;
  • a 11.7% decrease of waste transferred for landfill disposal.

Environmental expenditures and investments, RUB mln G4-EN31

MES 2013 2014 2015
Centre 1,709.1 1,612.7 1,475.9
North-West 4,371.6 3,009.0 3,049.0
Volga 778.4 1,090.1 1,356.9
South 1,284.1 1,289.1 1,262.9
Ural 1,210.5 1,141.4 859.4
Western Siberia 1,680.6 1,538.8 1,576.8
Siberia 2,293.9 2,119.5 1,808.2
East 2,372.3 2,451.1 2,236.3
Total 15.700,4 14,251.6 13,625.5

In 2015, the following measures were implemented with the use of capital costs:

  • water supply and sewage systems were reconstructed at 5 facilities;
  • systems and devices of oil receivers and oil collectors wee reconstructed at 8 facilities;
  • 180 static capacitors containing trichlorobiphenyl, with a total weight of 10.4 tonnes, were handed over to specialised institutions for further treatment/disposal.

The following measures were implemented using current costs:

  • sites for temporary storage of waste were arranged at 158 facilities;
  • repairs and maintenance of water supply and sewage systems were performed at 125 facilities;
  • repairs and maintenance of systems and devices of oil receivers and oil collectors were performed at 107 facilities;
  • 10,739 bird protection and bird repellent devices were installed on overhead lines;
  • 4,980 static capacitors containing trichlorobiphenyl, with a total weight of 262.1 tonnes, were handed over to specialised institutions for treatment/disposal;
  • 3 draft standards for permissible discharges, 129 draft waste generation standards and waste disposal limits, 113 draft standards for permissible emissions, 49 health protection area designs, 23 drinking water protective area designs were developed;
  • 34 licenses for subsoil use were received for the purpose of underground water abstraction;
  • geological survey of underground water resources was conducted at 18 deposits;
  • 1,268 laboratory analyses were made of the quality of air, wastewater and groundwater, and of the physical effects;
  • 415 employees were trained in environmental safety programmes and in handling waste of I–IV hazard classes;
  • 255 employees were trained in environmental safety programmes and in handling waste of I–IV hazard classes, and 470 employees were trained in environmental management programmes;
  • 470 employees were trained in environmental management programme.

Environmental costs in 2013–2015, RUB mln

Payments for negative environmental impact in 2013–2015, RUB mln

The above-limit payments for negative environmental impact are due to the following reasons:

  • failure to have permits for pollutant discharge and emission, waste disposal;
  • waste disposal to landfills that are not included in the State register of waste disposal facilities, due to their absence within the location area of substations;
  • absence of the RF laws and regulations that govern the procedure for development and approval of standards for permissible discharge onto the terrain and for issuance of the appropriate permits.

The above-limit payments for negative environment impact increased slightly in 2015 due to the need to pay for wastewater disposal onto local terrain at a rate which is 25 times about the standard rate because there is no procedure for issuing permits for such disposals (MES East, MES Ural, MES South and MES North-West). G4-SO8

The number of species in the IUCN Red List and the national protected species list with habitats in the specially protected natural areas affected by operations of the Company total of 156, including plants – 62 species; mushrooms – 3 species; animals – 91 species. G4-EN14

Protection of Flora and Fauna

In accordance with the uniform technical policy of the electric grid complex, the Company takes all reasonable steps to reduce the impact of electric grid facilities on animals and birds, including through:

  • restriction of industrial and construction activities on the areas of special conservation interest;
  • making management and investment decisions with due account of environmental impact assessment, development of measures aimed at mitigating and eliminating negative environmental impact;
  • use of innovative materials and technologies that ensure the compliance with environmental requirements and minimisation of negative environmental impact.
Federal Grid Company applies the following technologies and initiatives in its operations:
  • self-supporting insulated and protected wires that allow us to mitigate negative environmental impact through narrowing the width of right-of-way in wooded areas, and prevent the destruction of birds;
  • high towers with the conductors over top of the valuable trees’ crown;
  • measures on the electric grid facilities aimed to protect the wildlife (fitting OHL poles with special devices to prevent birds nesting on the structural elements of the poles, use of bird deterrent and bird repellent devices, etc.).

Protection of birds is one of the concerns that have been raised through stakeholder engagement. In 2015, the Company continued to implement measures aimed at protecting birds from electric shock. G4-EN27

Activities in Protected Areas G4-EN12

Nizhegorodkoe PMES of MES Volga conducted research within the environmental monitoring during operation of 500 kV “Ylianovskaya – Severnaya” and “Ulianovskaya – Yuzhnaya” OHL that go through the territory of the Smolny National Park.

Works performed in 2015 within the environmental monitoring during operation of 500 kV OHL on the territory of the National Park Smolny were designed to assess species diversity, population and spatial distribution of terrestrial vertebrate species (birds). Research was performed within the reference areas located along the route of 500 kV Veshkayma– Arzamasskaya, Veshkayma-Osinovka OHL on the territory of Barahmanovsky forestry of the National Park Smolny. In the framework of the implemented monitoring, a test site was established for the stationary trapping of birds throughout the Barakhmanovky forestry.

Based on the results of monitoring performed in 2009– 2015, the following conclusions were made:

  • In the reference areas along the route of 500 kV “Ylianovskaya – Severnaya” and “Ulianovskaya – Yuzhnaya” OHL on the territory of the Barakhmanovsy forestry of the National Park “Smolny”, the residence of 16 birds species was recorded that is 7.7% of the total number of birds species registered on the territory of the national park. Birds species diversity at control flyways increased slightly in 2015 compared to 2014 (6.7%).
  • When conducting observation in 2015, no cases were recorded of bird death caused by wires of 500 kV OHL on the territory of the National Park “Smolny”.

The most significant phenomena affecting the dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems, including ornitocenosis, in the areas adjacent to the routes of 500 kV Veshkayma- Arzamasskaya, Veshkayma-Osinovka OHL are the following:

  • climatic and phenological fluctuations (seasonal and of certain years), particularly changes in surface soil moisture and development of grassland and shrub vegetation;
  • cutting and thinning of undergrowth at certain sections of 500 kV OHL corridors;
  • forest fires and the subsequent long-term transformation of vegetation.

Plans for 2016:

  • to comply with the environmental requirements, set by the environmental legislation of the Russian Federation, during electricity transmission and distribution;
  • to implement measures for ensuring ornithological safety of electric grid facilities and preventing outages caused by birds’ activity (in co-operation with ornithologists);
  • to confirm the consistency of the Company’s environmental management system with the requirements of ISO 14001:2004 (pass the supervisory audit successfully);
  • to organise the transition of the Company’s environmental management system to the new version of ISO 14001:2015

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