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Social responsibility and corporate sustainability report 2015
RU

Innovative Development

Innovative Development Programme

Federal Grid Company’s innovative development is aimed at enhancing the reliability, quality and economy of the supply of electricity to consumers by upgrading the electric grids of the Russian Unified Energy System with the use of innovative technologies to turn them into an intellectual core of the technology infrastructure of the national electric energy sector.

Federal Grid’s Innovative Development Policy (hereinafter the “Policy”) was adopted in 2010. The implementation of a smart grid based on innovative solutions will become its outcome.

A comprehensive Innovative Development Programme for Federal Grid Company for 2013–2017 with an outlook through 2020 was developed to achieve Policy tasks and objectives (minutes of the Management Board No. 1167/2 dated 26 April 2013).

The key Programme outcome in 2015 was that Federal Grid Company in its innovation activities retained the focus on implementation of innovations and supporting activities. It became possible thanks to considerable results satisfying innovation requirements (from the perspective of a smart grid concept) that were achieved in 2010–2014 as a part of R&D projects and programmes and due to objective needs to practically test and implement innovation solutions at UNEG facilities.

Key Areas of Federal Grid’s Innovative Development

Development of new technologies and release of innovative products
  • Development of the concept of a smart energy system based on active adaptive grids
  • Development and testing of new Federal Grid’s technologies
  • Commercialisation of new technologies
  • Development of new Federal Grid’s services for energy markets
  • Energy efficiency improvement programme
  • Programme to improve the environmental impact of Federal Grid Company
  • Collaboration with higher education institutions and scientific organisations
  • Programmes to develop partnerships with innovative small and medium businesses
  • Cooperation with venture businesses
  • Interaction with the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology
New technologies
  • Integrated pilot projects to create a smart grid
  • Development, modernisation, and improvement of UNEG energy efficiency
  • Building of a production base for UNEG modernisation
Innovative business processes
  • Improvement of business processes and introduction of new management methods
  • Development of a system of innovative activities for Federal Grid Company

The Programme will improve the efficiency of utilisation of Russian’s energy potential, facilitate the development of new technologies, contribute to further development of the national industry, reduce the share of imported equipment, and create favourable conditions for national economy to obtain maximum benefits.

As part of its Innovative Development Programme Federal Grid is currently implementing activities targeted at UNEG modernisation and development, creation of conceptual, process-oriented and production fundamentals and favourable conditions for building a smart grid, and improvement of Company’s business processes and organisational tools to achieve the goals and objectives of innovative development.

The key Programme outcome in 2015 was that Federal Grid Company in its innovation activities retained the focus on implementation of innovations and supporting activities. It became possible thanks to considerable results satisfying innovation requirements (from the perspective of a smart grid concept) that were achieved in 2010–2014 as a part of R&D projects and programmes and due to objective needs to practically test and implement innovation solutions at UNEG facilities.

Breakdown of Innovation Costs in 2015, RUB million, including VAT

Actual
R&D programme 484.19
ntegrated pilot projects to create an active adaptive grid with innovative technologies and energy saving measures 3,478.08
TOTAL 3,962.27

Smart (Active Adaptive) Grid

The creation of an electric energy system with a smart grid (hereinafter the “smart grid”) will be the outcome of the Programme.

The smart grid will differ from the existing grid by the presence of the following innovative elements:

  • Automated control systems for electricity transmission
  • Active grid elements with variable parameters
  • Current grid status monitoring system
  • Automated real-time systems to maintain the energy system operation within the limits set as part of the uniform analysis and decision-making system

The top priority of systemic factors and conditions, i.e., reliability and cost effectiveness of the system as a whole, forms the basis for development of the smart grid and principles of energy system management.

Smart Grid Diagram

New principles and technologies underlying the development of the smart energy grid

  • grid saturation with active components capable to change its topological parameters;
  • sufficient number of sensors that measure current mode parameters to monitor the grid condition in various operating modes of the energy system;
  • data collection and processing system and controls for grid active components and consumer electrical installations;
  • availability of required actuators and tools for realtime measurement of grid topological parameters and interface with adjacent energy facilities;
  • automatic tools to assess the current situation and prepare grid operation forecasts;
  • high-performance control system and fast data exchange.

Research and Development

Federal Grid’s R&D Programme for 2015–2017 (the “R&D Programme”) is one of the instruments for implementation of the Innovative Development Programme.

The R&D Programme was drafted to ensure stable, longterm funding for design of state-of-the-art technologies, equipment and devices under Federal Grid Company’s Investment Programme with the focus on improvement of reliability, quality and cost effectiveness of electricity supply to consumers by upgrading the Russian UES grids and turning them into a smart (active adaptive) core of the future technological infrastructure of the electric power industry.

The creation of a smart energy system with an active adaptive grid as a part of R&D scope involves the development and implementation of new principles of operation of equipment controls, control systems for grid elements and electric grid complexes in steady and post-emergency modes, reliable and durable electrical equipment and automation systems based on most recent scientific developments, technologies and principles of the UES operation.

2015 Results

  • A 20-kV, 2,500-D/C HTS cable line with the length of up to 2,500 m long was designed. The design documentation and prototypes of HTS cable line components have been completed.
    The construction of a 20 kV HTS cable line will enable to:
    — reduce energy losses in the cable;
    — limit the fault current;
    — exclude the use of currently required compensating devices for electricity supply;
    — increase the transmission flexibility and controllability;
    — integrate the grids having different frequency
    standards for parallel operation.
  • The automatic water-mist fire-extinguishing system for 220-kV, 125–250 MVA transformers was designed and successfully tested at the Ministry of Emergency’s polygon. The test confirmed significant (3–7-fold) decrease in water consumption and fire-extinguishing time (almost 4-fold) as compared to existing customary water fire-extinguishing systems. A type design was developed, and the AT-2 water-mist fireextinguishing system was installed at the 220 kV Tula substation of the FGC UES MES Center branch. Currently it is under trial operation.
  • Design documentation for prototypes of joints and terminators for 110kV, 220kV and 330kV XLPE cables was developed. Prototypes have been manufactured.
  • The detailed design and software was developed for the 220–750kV OHL technical condition monitoring/ rupture detection system. Prototypes of the monitoring system have been manufactured and bench-tested. These prototypes are currently in trial operation at the facilities of MES Siberia and MES South.

Building a Portfolio of Intangible Assets

Within the scope of the R&D Programme in 2015, 30 intellectual property items were registered with the Federal Service for Intellectual Property (Rospatent), including the following:

  • 8 invention patents
  • 15 utility models
  • 1 design patent
  • 6 software certificates

Plans for 2016 and Mid-Term Perspective

Under limited financing it is planned to focus on the following:

  • Improving the quality and efficiency of R&D planning and implementation to:
    — compensate for the decrease in Company’s Investment Programme funding;
    — concentrate as much as possible on most advanced and critical innovations.
  • Updating “open innovation” tools to cooperate with partners in Federal Grid’s innovative development in the following areas:
    — development and promotion of Federal Grid’s public documents and Internet resources about innovative development targeted to its partners and counterparties that inform on goals and objectives, key requirements and technologies, and other important issues related to UNEG modernisation, smart grid creation and other areas of Company’s innovative development;
    — assure further development of innovative competence centres established jointly with the Company or with its support on the basis of university labs, chairs, departments and small innovative “subsidiaries” or after innovation contests;
    — development of public-private partnership mechanisms;
    — development of instruments for knowledge, competencies and Company’s operations management to use at maximum the internal potential for innovative development

    R&D Funding in 2010–2015, RUB billion

    Within the scope of the R&D Programme in 2015

    30
    intellectual property items were registered with the Federal Service for Intellectual Property (Rospatent)

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