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Social responsibility and corporate sustainability report 2015
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Ensuring Reliable and Uninterrupted Operation of UNEG

A system of operational process control and situation management of UNEG facilities was established and is developing in Federal Grid Company in order to ensure operational preparedness and reliable electricity supply.

The main objectives of the UNEG operational process control and situation management are:

  • to ensure safe and reliable operation of the UNEG facilities;
  • to participate in drafting and implementation of UNEG development programmes in cooperation with control centres of JSC SO UES, including adherence to certain operation modes;
  • to ensure the required level of observability and controllability of the UNEG facilities;
  • to ensure effective operation of the unified system of training and professional advancement of operating personnel;
  • to minimise process disturbances in UNEG caused by operating employee errors;
  • to minimise losses in the course of electricity transmission through UNEG grids;
  • to plan actions for the repair, commissioning, modernisation/reconstruction and maintenance of electric grid equipment; constraints in case of breakdown and to apply such constraints if requested by dispatch centres of JSC SO UES;
  • to connect the electric grid facilities and the customers’ power receivers to automatic breakdown controls.
  • to conduct round-the-clock monitoring of operational situation and report it to the Company’s management in order to prevent emergency situations at the Company facilities and whenever such situations occur; control the preparedness, organisation and implementation of post-accident repairs provide information and analytical support to the Company’s executives and command & control centres in taking decisions about UNEG management in the course of prevention and in liquidation of accidents, contingency and emergency situations;
  • to organise duty teams of the Company’s executives on non-working days and holidays;
  • to organise information sharing with the situation centres of PJSC Rosseti, fuel-and-energy complex entities, SO, Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation, HydroMetCentre of Russia, the Ministry of Emergency Situations, Russian Railways, telecom operators and other entities in contingency and emergency situations. G4-EU6

Principles of System Design and Operation

When addressing issues of operational process control and situation management, the Company is guided by the following principles for system design and operation:

  • structural unification of the operational process control and situation management units, implementation of the uniform technical policy for their technological and information support;
  • optimal allocation of non-operational and operational functions and responsibilities among the operational process control units;
  • inability to mis-assign operational functions to divisions that are not directly in charge of the operation of the relevant facilities;
  • ensuring continued readiness of electric grid equipment and operating personnel to change technological operation modes or operating conditions of the UNEG facilities if required by JSC SO UES;
  • maintaining the technological operation modes of UNEG electric grid equipment in accordance with the mandates, contracts and the rules of the wholesale electricity market;
  • ensuring effective teamwork with JSC SO UES when the latter performs operational dispatch control of UNEG facilities;
  • ensuring effective teamwork with subsidiaries and associates of PJSC Rosseti when performing operational process control and situation management of facilities of the electric grid complex;
  • ensuring continuous preparedness of the Company’s staff to liquidate the consequences of contingency and emergency situations;
  • efficient use of HR capacity of the operational process control and situation management units for the needs of the Company’s other units and divisions;
  • maintaining the required level of competence to represent and protect the Company’s interests when dealing with electric power entities and electricity consumers. G4-DMA

2015 Outcomes:

  • no violations of the UNEG overvoltage standard occurred;
  • the number of process disturbances caused by operating employee errors was kept at a low level;
  • the level of achievement of key performance indicators, such as outage schedule compliance rate and outage duration rate, remained high;
  • the next generation substations with advanced automated equipment control systems were designed and commissioned;
  • the Company optimised the time and resources in the process of liquidation of contingency and emergency situations and during post-accident repairs. G4-EU6

Measures to Improve System Performance

The Company continues to implement the automated process control system (APCS) on the next generation substations. It concurrently establishes full-service Grid Control Centres at PMESs. This makes it possible to transfer functions of operational service of substations to GCCs’ personnel, and these SS are transferred to the category of substations that do not constantly require on-duty personnel. In 2015, Federal Grid Company’s branch – Leningrad PMES – started a pilot project of remote control of switch devices at SS 330 kV Vasileostrovskaya, SS 330 kV Zavod Ilyich, and SS 220 kV Prospekt Ispytateley.

Implementation of APCS and transition to the operation of substations that do not constantly need on-duty personnel will enable the Company to reduce service costs, time for eliminating process disturbances, as well as the perform simultaneous situation analyses at the facility and in the grid adjacent to substations.

The Company continued work on improving its regulatory framework. The following fundamental internal regulations were updated in 2015:

  • Regulation on the procedure for documenting and approving the normal schemes of electrical connections at Federal Grid Company substations;
  • Instruction about the switchovers at Federal Grid Company’s substations 35–750 kV;
  • The procedure for sharing daily information about process disturbances, deviations from the normal operational modes in the work of electric grid elements, changes of the status of the operational scheme and accidents at Federal Grid Company’s facilities.

UNEG Scheme and Development Programme for 2015–2021

The cost of the Scheme and Programme for the Development of UES of Russia for 2015–2021, which is approved by the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation, amounted to

71.415
RUB million

Federal Grid Company contributes to the drafting of a scheme and programme for the development of UES of Russia in 2015–2021

Current UNEG Development Projects

  • power delivery from the new electric power plants;
  • external power supply to the new large customers and the capacity for increasing the loads of the existing customers by expanding industrial capacities and / or organic growth of loads in the future;
  • development of inter-system electricity connections for effective operations of UES of Russia in general;
  • addressing the issues related to the regulation of voltage in the electric grid and maintaining the voltage levels within admissible ranges;
  • replacement of worn out and obsolescent power equipment.

Infrastructure Projects and their Impact on the Economic Development of the Russian Federation

Delivery of Capacity at Generation Facilities

The scheme and programme for the development of UES of Russia in 2015–2021 factors in the facilities included in the schemes of delivery of capacity at the NPP, HPP and TPP units that are to be commissioned. Work is now in progress to implement schemes of delivery of capacity at Novovoronezhskaya NPP-2, Leningradskaya NPP-2, Rostovskaya NPP, Nizhnebureyskaya HPP, Zelenchukskaya HPP-PSPP, Volzhskaya HPP, Huadian – Teninskaya CHP, and Zagorskaya PSPP-2.

The Company scheduled the commissioning of 2,491.99 kilometres of power transmission lines, 5,678 MVA of transformer capacity and 2,180 MVAr of reactor capacity in 2016–2020 to ensure the delivery of capacity at stations.

Development of Electric Grid Infrastructure at BAM and Transsib

Federal Grid Company’s major investment project “Development of Electric Grid Infrastructure in Eastern Siberia and Far East, Including BAM and Transsib” includes actions aimed at the development of Baikal-Amur and Transsiberian railways within the Eastern Polygon of JSC RZD’s railways network, and reliable power supply to the existing and prospective customers in Eastern Siberia and Russian Far East.

A key event in 2015 was the connection of Vostochny Spaceport power system to Federal Grid Company’s grids.

An increase of load of up to 1.2 GW to provide power supply to RZD’s Eastern Polygon is expected during implementation of the BAM and Transsib reconstruction project. This means that the need to build an appropriate electric grid infrastructure is driven largely by the development of BAM and Transsib railways network and is critical for the railways industry.

This investment project includes construction and reconstruction of 21 electric grid facilities (220 kV and over); the total length of electricity transmission lines is 4,215.34 km, and the transformer capacity is 4,124 MVA.

Implementation of this investment project will be critical for industrial growth in the Siberian and Far Eastern Federal Districts, and for the use of transit and export capacity of the Russian Federation.

Ensuring Reliable Operation of UES of Russia Separately from the Energy Systems of the Baltic States (Macroproject BRELL)

This macroproject includes a set of measures designed to compensate the consequences of the lowered transfer capacity of electric connections in the unified energy systems of the Centre and North-West as parts of the UES of Russia and changes in the operational modes of the energy ring of the BRELL countries (Belarus – Russia – Estonia – Latvia – Lithuania).

The Company’s investment programme includes reconstruction of the Talashkino substation, modernisation of the existing emergency control automatics at substations Leningradskaya, Chudovo and Pskov, construction of overhead transmission lines Novosokolniki – Talashkino, Leningradskaya – Belozerskaya, Pskov – Luzhskaya and construction of 330 kV OHL approach lines to the Kingiseppskaya substation.

The Company scheduled the commissioning of 900 MVA and 799.4 MVAr of capacity, and 872.5 km of OHLs, for 2016–2017.

Compensatory Measures Related to Operation of UES of Russia Separately from the Integrated Power System of Ukraine

In order to ensure reliable power supply to the North- West part of the Rostov power system, Federal Grid Company’s investment programme envisages installation of an autotransformer with the capacity of 125 MVA at Pogorelovo substation and construction of an electricity transmission line between the cities of Shakhty and Donetsk (Rostov oblast) with the total length of 80 km. The facilities are scheduled to be commissioned in 2016.

Development of the Electric Power Infrastructure for the Oil Transportation System (ESPO-I and ESPO-II)

The project includes construction and reconstruction of the UNEG electric grid infrastructure in the Siberian and Far Eastern Federal Districts. The goal of the project is to cover electricity loads of facilities that service stages I and II of the expansion of the East Siberia–Pacific Ocean oil pipeline (ESPO).

Construction and reconstruction of electric grid facilities under the project include 11 facilities with the total capacity of 604 MVA and 990 km of electricity transmission lines.

Development of Electric Grids in the Russian Far East

In 2016, the Company expects to complete the construction of a 220 kV Neryungrinskaya HPP – Nizhny Kuranakh – Tommot – Maya OHL and substations 220 kV Tommot and 220 kV Maya. Implementation of the project will enable to connect the isolated central energy district of Yakutia to the IPS East and abandon the costly independent power supply sources. In addition, conditions will be created for connection of new customers and economic development of South Yakutia.

Improving the Accessibility of Electric Grid Infrastructure of Krasnodar Krai

One of the most important objectives in the regional infrastructure is to enable technological connection of customers in Krasnodar, including a large-scale housing construction project. In order to meet this objective, the Company plans to build an “East Industrial Zone” substation in Krasnodar. The commissioning of 560 of MVA capacity and 16 km of overhead transmission lines is scheduled for 2017.

Besides, Federal Grid Company is building a 220 kV Novo-Labinskaya SS with 220 kV OHL approach lines and will commission 250 MVA in 2017. This project is included in an action plan of technological connection of JSC Oboronenergo.

Gas Transportation System “Power of Siberia”

The “Power of Siberia” gas pipeline which is being built by JSC Gazprom will be the gas transportation system for gas extraction centres in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) (Chayandinskoye oil and gas condensate field) and Irkutsk Oblast (Kovykta field). Gas will be transported from these fields via Khabarovsk to Vladivostok and further to Korea.

The Power of Siberia pipeline is about 4,000 km (Yakutia – Khabarovsk – Vladivostok: about 3,200 km; Irkutsk oblast – Yakutia: about 800 km). The pipeline is expected to transport 61 bcm/year, including 38 bcm/year exported to China and supplied to Amur Gas Processing Plant (GPP) and Amur Gas Chemical Complex (GCC).

Federal Grid Company is reviewing materials about the scheme of external power supply to Amur GPP and GCC (their planned capacity consumption is 245 MW and 320 MW, respectively) which is being developed by JSC Institute ENERGOSETPROJECT on the order of LLC GEKH Engineering.

Moscow-Kazan High Speed Railway

Federal Grid Company is reviewing options for technological connection of Russian Railways’ electric installations to its electric grids as part of external power supply to railway tracking substations of Moscow-Kazan high speed transit.

The project of Moscow-Kazan high speed railway is implemented by JSC High Speed Railways (RZD’s subsidiary). According to this project, a major transport corridor of 700 km will be built, with the maximum train speed of 400 km/h. This is a priority project in the construction of the Eurasian high speed railway corridor Moscow-Beijing in accordance with the 2014 memorandum signed by the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, JSC Russian Railways, National Development and Reform Commission of China and the Chinese Railway Corporation.

Work is currently in progress on the scheme of external power supply to railway tracking substations of Moscow-Kazan high speed transit, as commissioned by JSC High Speed Railways. According to preliminary plans, 16 railway substations will be built, and 12 of them will be connected to Federal Grid Company’s electric grids.

Agreements with the Government Authorities on the Development of Regions where the Company Operates in 2015

In 2015, Federal Grid Company and the Government of Krasnodar Krai signed a cooperative agreement for 2015–2020.

UNEG Development Plans

Implementation of Schemes of Delivery of Electric Power Plant Capacity G4-EC8

IPS Centre:

For delivery of capacity:

  • By Novovoronezhskaya NPP-2: construction of 500 kV Donskaya – Yeletskaya (Borino) OHL, approach lines of 500 kV Novovoronezhskaya NPP-2 – Stary Oskol OHL to 500 kV Donskaya (Novovoronezhskaya NPP-2) SS, 500 kV Donskaya – Stary Oskol No. 2 OHL;
  • By Zagorskaya PSPP-2: construction of 500 kV Zagorskaya PSPP-2 – Yartsevo OHL with 500 kV Yartsevo SS;
  • By Huadian – Teninskaya CHP: construction of approach lines 220 kV Yaroslavl – Tutaev OHL and 220 kV Yaroslavlskaya – Tveritskaya OHL.

For strengthening of connection:

  • UES Centre – UES Middle Volga: construction of 500 kV Kostromskaya HPP – Nizhegorodskaya OHL.

For connection of new customers:

  • In Moscow and Moscow Oblast: complete refurbishing and upgrade of 500 kV Chagino, Noginsk, Pakhra and Trubino SS;
  • In the northern district of Kaluga Oblast: construction of 500 kV Obninskaya SS with 500 kV Kaluzhskaya – Obninskaya OHL;
  • In Bryansk and Kaluga oblasts: construction of 500 kV Beloberezhskaya SS with approach lines 500 kV Novobryanskaya – Yeletskaya OHL.

IPS North-West

For delivery of capacity:

  • By Leningradskaya NPP-2: construction of approach lines of 750 kV Leningradskaya NPP – Leningradskaya OHL to 750 kV Koporskaya SS, which is an outdoor switchgear of 750 kV Leningradskaya NPP-2; construction of new 750 kV Koporskaya – Leningradskaya OHL, 750 kV Koporskaya – Leningradskaya NPP OHL, and construction of three 330 kV OHLs.

Compensatory actions relating to separate operations of the UES of Russia and energy systems of the Baltic States:

  • For strengthening connection between UES Centre and UES North-West: construction of 750 kV Leningradskaya – Belozerskaya OHL;
  • OHL 330 kV Novosokolniki – Talashkino, OHL 330 kV Luzhskaya – Pskov, OHL approach lines 330 kV Leningradskaya – Balti to SS 330 kV Kingiseppskaya.

    Development of inter-system connections:

  • For improving the reliability of power supply to the customers in the Republic of Karelia and Murmansk Oblast, and for increasing the transit capacity between energy systems of Murmansk Oblast, Republic of Kareila and Leningrad Oblast: 330 kV Loukhi – Putkinsky – Ondsky – Petrozavodskaya – Tikhvin – Liteiny OHL;
  • For strengthening of transit between the energy systems of Arkhangelsk Oblast and Komi Republic: 220 kV Pechorskaya HPP – Ukhta – Mikun OHL, with the second transit chain 220 kV Pechorskaya HPP – Ukhta – Mikun OHL.

    For improving the reliability of power supply to the existing customers and connection of new ones:

  • Ust-Luga, Vistino and Gorky ports in Leningrad oblast: the construction of 330 kV Ust-Luga SS;
  • Bronka port and connection of electric installations of PJSC Lenenergo: construction of 330 kV Lomonosovskaya SS;
  • Northern districts of Murmansk Oblast: construction of 330 kV Murmanskaya SS.

IPS South

For delivery of capacity:

  • By the power units Nos. 3 and 4 of Rostov NPP: construction of 500 kV Rostovskaya NPP – Tikhoretskaya No. 2 OHL and 500 kV Rostovskaya NPP – Rostovskaya OHL;
  • By Zelenchukskaya HPP-PSPP: construction of 330 kV Zelenchukskaya HPP-PSPP – Cherkessk OHL with an extension of 330 kV Cherkessk SS;
  • By Volzhskaya HPP: construction of 220 kV Alyuminievaya – Gumrak 2 OHL.

Development of inter-system connections:

  • For strengthening the electric grid of IES South in the eastern and south-eastern segments of IES South: construction of 500 kV Nevinnomyssk – Mozdok OHL with 500 kV Mozdok SS;
  • For strengthening the 330 kV network in the southeastern segment of IES South: construction of 330 kV Nalchik – Vladikavkaz-2 OHL;
  • For improving the reliability of the main electric grid 330 kV of the Republic of Dagestan and strengthening the scheme for the delivery of capacity by Irganaiskaya HPP: construction of 330 kV Irganaiskaya HPP – Chiryurt OHL.

For improving the reliability of power supply to the existing customers and connection of new ones:

  • For improving the reliability of power supply to the customers in the southern segment of the energy system in the Republic of Dagestan and technological connection of new customers: construction of 330 kV Artyom – Derbent OHL;
  • Fort external power supply to CJSC Gorny Plant: construction of 220 kV Kubanskaya – Kirillovskaya No. 2 OHL with the extension of 220 kV Kubanskaya SS;
  • For technological connection of new customers and prevention of overloading in the 110 kV network: construction of 220 kV Vostochnaya Promzona SS with approach lines Krasnodarskaya TPP – Vitaminkombinat No. 1 and No. 2 OHL and 220 kV Novo-Labinskaya SS with approach lines 220 kV OHL;
  • For strengthening electric connections between the northern and north-eastern energy districts with the rest of the Rostov energy system by increasing the transit capacity of the controlled cross-section SVES: installation of the second autotransformer at 220 kV Pogorelovo SS and construction of 220 kV Shakty- Donetskaya OHL.

IPS Ural

For improving the reliability of power supply to the existing customers:

  • In the Western energy district of Orenburg Oblast and for providing the capacity for connection of new customers: construction of 500 kV Preobrazhenskaya SS with approach lines to 500 kV Gazovaya – Krasnoarmeiskaya OHL.

For technological connection:

  • Of electric installations of JSC RN-Yuganskneftegaz: connection of 500 kV Svyatogor SS with approach lines to 500 kV Surgutskaya HPP-2 – Magistralnaya OHL.

For power supply:

  • Of electric installations of LLC West-Siberian Petrochemical Plant: construction of 500 kV Tobol SS with approach lines to 500 kV Irtysh – Demianskaya OHL and 500 kV OHL;
  • Tyumen-Nelym: 500 kV ZapSib SSwith four power transmission lines 500 kV Tobol – ZapSib.

For connection of new customers, including JSC Oil Company Rosneft:

  • Construction of 220 kV Vector SS with approach lines to 220 kV Pyt-Yakh – Ust-Balyk OHL.

For technological connection:

  • Of oil pumping stations of the trunk pipeline Zapolyarie- Purpe: construction of 220 kV Yermak SSwith the approach of one chain of 220 kV Urengoiskaya HPP – Mangazeya OHL, 220 kV Slavyanskaya OHL with 220 kV Yermak – Slavyanskaya Nos. 1 and 2 OHL;

For improving the reliability of power supply to the existing customers:

  • Of Urengoi energy district, with technological connection of electric installations of JSC Tyumenenergo and PJSC Gazprom: 220 kV Iskonnaya SS with an 220 kV Urengoiskaya HPP – Urengoi OHL.

For technological connection:

  • Of electric installations of JSC IDGC Ural: construction of 220 kV Nadezhda SS with approach lines to 220 kV Novo-Sverdlovskaya TPP – Yuzhnaya OHL.

IPS Middle Volga

For technological connection:
  • Of electric installation of LLC LUKOIL-Nizhegorodnefteorgsintez: construction of 220 kV Kudma-GPP-5 OHL and 220 kV Nizhegorodskaya – GPP-5 OHL.

IPS Siberia

For improving the reliability of power supply to the existing customers and connection of new ones:

  • In Omak Oblast by establishing the second feeding centre of the Omsk Energy hub and ensuring transit 500 kV Kurgan-Vityaz-Voskhod that integrated IES Ural and IES Siberia in the Russian Federation in detour of Kazakhstan: construction of SS 500 kV Voskhod.

For prevention of putting limits on power supply to customers:

  • In the northern segment of the Irkutsk Oblast and BAM energy system in the repair schemes and post-accident modes; develop the North Baikal segment of BAM and connection of new customers: construction of 500 kV Ust-Kut SS, 500 kV Ust-Kut – Nizhneangarskaya OHL with 500 kV Nizhneangarskaya SS.

For electric power supply:

  • To Sukhoi Log and Chertovo Koryto gold mines and removal of restrictions on the connection of new customers in Bodaibo and Mamsk-Chuya energy districts of Irkutsk Oblast: construction of 220 kV Peledui – Chertovo Koryto – Sukhoi Log – Mamakan Nos. 1 and 2 OHL.

For external power supply:

  • Of ESPO oil pipeline system and energy supply to Bodaibo and Mam-Chuya energy districts of Irkutsk Oblast: construction of 220 kV Tira SS and transit 220 kV from 500 kV Ust-Kut SS to 220 kV Peledui SS with 220 kV Bobrovka SS.

IPS East

For delivery of capacity:

  • By Nizhne-Bureiskaya HPP: construction of 220 kV Stvor SS with a tap from 220 kV Bureiskaya HPP – Zavitaya II OHL chain, 220 kV Nizhne-Bureiskaya HPP – Arkhara OHL chains I and II, 220 kV Nizhne- Bureiskaya HPP – Zavitaya OHL (construction of an OHL segment to 220 kV Zavitaya SS) and approach lines to 220 kV Raychikhinskaya HPP – Yadrin OHL with a tap from Arkhara SS.

Development of inter-system connections:

  • For improving the reliability of inter-system transit of capacity between energy systems of Khabarovsk and Primorie krais and reduction of customer disconnections in the Primorie Krai by anti-accident automation in the post-accident modes: 500 kV Primorskaya HPP – Khabarovskaya OHL (second OHL);
  • For integration of the southern and central energy of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia): construction of a two-chain 220 kV Tommot – Maya OHL.

For improving the reliability of power supply to the existing customers and connection of new ones:

  • For external power supply to ESPO oil pipeline system in Khabarovsk Krai: construction of 220 kV NPS-23 SS, 220 kV NPS-28 SS and 220 kV NPS-29 SS, 220 kV NPS-32 SS in the Amur Oblast (in accordance with its approved investment programme, Federal Grid Company plans construction of approach lines to these substations);
  • In accordance with JSC Oil Company Rosneft’s plans, an oil processing plant of CJSC Eastern Oil and Chemical Company (CJSC EOCC) and its electric power station with the installed capacity of 775 MW will be built in the energy system of Primorie Krai. They will be connected to IES East. For technological connection of all declared maximum capacity, it would be necessary to synchronise the timelines of technological connection of energy receivers and build generating capacities of a similar volume. To ensure external power supply to CJSC EOCC power receivers and deliver capacity to its TPP, two OHL 220 kV are to be built from SS 500 kV Lozovaya to the customer’s substation (a decision about the ultimate volume of work should be based on the result of a scheme for external power supply to the power receivers and delivery of capacity to CJSC EOCC’s TPP).

Technical Policy of Federal Grid Company

The Unified Technical Policy is the key instrument for optimising and reducing the full costs of ownership of the electric grid complex facilities with a sound level of reliability on the part of the UNEG. Its aim is to identify the key technical areas that enhance the electric grid complex’s reliability and efficiency in the short and medium term with an appropriate industrial and environmental safety based on innovative development principles that provide non-discriminatory access to electric grids for all market participants.

Federal Grid Company’s technical policy approved by the Board of Directors in 2013 helps us improve the efficiency of the electric grid complex, reduce its operational costs, strengthen the system-wide reliability of UNEG and meet the increasing demand for electricity.

Technical Policy has the following objectives:

  • to ensure reliable supply of electricity to the customers;
  • to improve the technologies for operations, maintenance and repairs;
  • to reduce investments in and operations costs of facilities;
  • to minimise an environmental impact;
  • to create incentives for manufacturing of state-ofthe- art equipment and engineering structures in the Russian Federation, and encourage enhancement of R&D and project capacity.

For further details, see section About the Company Technical policy of the corporate website at www.fsk-ees.ru (in Russian only).

Number of Process Violations in 2015

Sustainable and reliable power supply is a guarantee of well-being and prosperity of any country. Federal Grid Company focuses on the progressive development and takes major efforts to improve reliability of UNEG operations.

In 2015, the Company continued regular efforts to reduce the accident rate, and achieved visible results in this area.

The quality of the Company’s performance is confirmed by the annual reduction of accident rate by 18% on average over the past three years.

The reliability of Federal Grid Company’s grids has been increasing every year because it installs new equipment, and skills and professionalism of its maintenance personnel improves continuously.

Accident Prevention MeasuresG4-DMA, former EU21

Number of Accidents in 2011–2015

In order to ensure and maintain preparedness to postaccident repairs and meet the deadlines for emergency response, Federal Grid Company draws up and implements annual plans of organisational and technical actions:

  • the Company revises SS and OHL certificates, model charts for prompt response to process disturbances on primary equipment of substations and grid schedules for performing emergency recovery work on OHLs, information on availability and scheduling of machinery among line sections;
  • the Company signs agreements with contractors on cooperation during liquidation of accidents at Federal Grid Company’s electric grid facilities;
  • agreements are signed between Federal Grid Company’s branches and subsidiaries / associates of PJSC Rosseti on cooperation in the prevention and liquidation of accidents and emergencies at electric grid facilities;
  • agreements on information sharing are signed between Federal Grid Company’s branches and hydrometeorology & environment monitoring centres in order to provide timely warning about changes of weather conditions with a view to improving operations of UNEG electric grid facilities;

Accident Rate at Federal Grid Company’s Facilities in 2011–2015, %

As compared to the previous year, the accident rate (number of accidents / volume of services) at Federal Grid Company’s facilities went down by 22%, although the maintenance workload (number of electric facilities) has been consistently increasing and went up by 6% in 2015.

Service Reliability and Quality Indicators

Indicator Regulation period
2011     2012     2013    2014    2015 2016
  Plan Actual Plan Actual Plan Actual Plan Actual Plan Actual Plan
Service reliability level * 0.0490 0.0346 0.0483 0.0241 0.0475 0.0199 0.0468 0.0198 0,0360. 0.01348 0.03548
Service quality level ** 1.2599 1.1983 1.2410 1.2101 1.2224 1.1088 1.2040 1.1520 1.23908 1.0236 1.22049

CASE: Establishment of an innovative system for fire extinguishing at oil transformers

An innovative system for fire extinguishing at oil transformers was developed for the first time under a R&D contract for the establishment of a transformer fire protection system in which the water mist technology is used.

This innovative system for fire extinguishinh at an autotransformer (AT-2) was implemented at 220 kV Tula SS as part of a comprehensive AT replacement programme in Federal Grid Company branch – MES Centre. The system was installed by JSC Electrocentremontazh that supplied equipment, while R&D Centre of New Technologies at the Moscow Aviation Institute supervised this work.

Schemes of feeding and distribution pipelines with water filtration and water mist sprayers were made for AТ-2. They spray water on all elements of the transformer, with the required intensity.

See also section 5 Core Sustainable Development Activities Environmental Responsibility

  • Federal Grid Company and the Ministry of Emergency Situations (including its regional offices) implement an action plan to prevent and mitigate risks of emergency situations and liquidate such situations caused by process disturbances at UNEG electric grid facilities. The procedure of cooperation is regulated by Agreement No 2-4-38-5 dated 8 February 2010, and by respective agreements between the Ministry’s regional offices and Federal Grid Company’s branches;
  • executives of Federal Grid Company’s branches are included in the staff of regional duty stations;
  • in order to prevent and/or liquidate power disruptions caused by process disturbances at UNEG electric grid facilities (including those caused by dangerous natural events or other emergencies), and prevent and minimise risks during special periods in UNEG operations, Federal Grid Company organises and maintains duty stations;
  • the Company organises everyday monitoring of mass media with respect to information on emergency situations, forest fires, floods, ice rains, and other natural climatic events that are dangerous for UNEG, and to mass outages in allied grids of subsidiaries and associates of PJSC Rosseti;
  • the Company makes weekly forecasts of considerable customer constraints and power deliveries by electric power plants, as well as analyses of outages at UNEG facilities;
  • the Company draws up emergency response drill programmes to liquidate various accidents and emergency situations. The aim of these programmes is to train coordinated actions of Federal Grid Company’s employees in removing disturbances at UNEG electricity facilities, including drills with participation of contractor organisations, units of PJSC Rosseti, Ministry of Emergency Situations, and regional executive authorities.

Round-the-clock coordination of duty officers from Federal Grid Company’s Operational Process Control Department and the Company branches is organised with respect to the readiness for emergency recovery work and control thereof. Information materials about the progress of postaccident repairs and emergency response are prepared for the executives.

Schedules are made up for the use of Mobile Situational and Analytical Centres (MSAC) that serve as the basis for ensuring the MSAC’s task performance, personnel training and full-time readiness for operation. A full-time control over the use of MSAC is organised.

In order to improve electric grid enterprises’ preparedness to post-accident repairs, of Federal Grid Company and subsidiaries of PJSC Rosseti drew up joint site map diagrams of running the grids. They show locations of repair teams, contractor organisations and emergency reserve sites.

Post-accident repairs are regulated by the Procedure for Organisation of Post-Accident Repairs approved by Federal Grid Company’s Executive Order No. 795 dated 27 December 2013.

The continuous improvement of reliability is a result of a comprehensive approach.

First, repair works at UNEG facilities are organised and planned in compliance with federal grid Company’s rules and technical regulations, and with due regard of the actual technical condition of equipment, local conditions and our experience of operating electric facilities.

Second, the Company conducts focused reconstruction and technical upgrade of equipment, and uses units with better technical characteristics that ensure a higher level of reliability, including in the schemes of delivery of capacity by the generation facilities.

Third, the Company can respond quickly and professionally to possible emergency situations and perform post-accident recovery is process disturbance occur. The Company’s specialists make a compulsory system-wide analysis of the causes of accidents and develop prevention actions.

Fourth, Federal Grid Company has a system of comprehensive preparation of facilities to such special periods as thunderstorms, fires, river floods and autumn/winter. The Company signs agreements about co-operation and post-accident recovery with contractors, RosHydroMet, Ministry of Emergency Situations and the distribution grid companies.

Fifth, the Company continuously improves the competencies of its repairs and diagnostic teams via personnel training at the leading training centres and with involvement of equipment producer plants, and at its own full-fledged personnel training centres.

Vladimir Dikoy
Deputy Chairman of the Management Board,
Chief Engineer of Federal Grid Company

In order to ensure orderly management, mitigate risks and the consequences of emergency situations for maintaining employee safety, and improve the system for the protection of employees in peacetime and wartime, Federal Grid Company drew up the following documents, co-ordinated them with the Ministry of Emergency Situations and approved:

  • Action plans to prevent and liquidate natural and technological emergency situations;
  • Plans of key actions in civil defence, prevention and liquidation of emergency situations and maintaining fire safety in 2015.

In 2015, drills and trainings focused on Federal Grid Company employees’ ability to take practical actions to ensure personnel safety, improve the security of technological processes and protection from natural and technological emergency situations, drill actions related to liquidation of such situations, and organise implementation of civil defence action plans.

An important characteristic of the 2015 drills / exercises held in the branches of federal grid Company was that they we held jointly with the regional branches of the Ministry of Emergency Situations and Ministry of Internal Affairs. Besides, regional branches of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, city governments and regional executive authorities involved the Company’s branches in various drills and trainings that were held in accordance with their own plans.

2015 outcomes:

  • In 2015, the Company held 26,821 accident exercises, fire drills combined with accident or post-accident repairs, and fire drills and exercises (as compared to 27,476 in 2014);
  • In 2015, Federal Grid Company held 93 exercises jointly with the regional branches of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, city governments and regional executive authorities (89 in 2014).

Average Duration of Electricity Outages and Undersupplied Energy G4-EU29

Total duration of electricity outages – 189.13 hours;

Undersupplied electricity – 1,093.22 MWh

My Report

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